ICON (DTN-Amazon project), 2012

ICON - Information and Context Oriented Networking



Nelson Morais, Bruno Batista and Paulo Mendes, ICON - Information-centric Opportunistic Networking, SITI-SW-12-06, 201.


ICON is an implementation of an information and Context Oriented Networking framework. ICON is being developed primaly for opportunistic networks (e.g. Delay Tolerant Networks), but can be used in more stable mobile networks and even in the Internet.


The basic data centric communication functionality is based on prior work from CCN/NDN - forwarding and interest structures, and HAGGLE - flexiblility required to operate in opportunistic networks.


The ICON architecture includes three main entities:

  • a data engine, which takes care of adequately storing/wrapping previously collected data for treatment by the other ICON entities (e.g. what data to store and for how long). Thais entity is based on the CCN concepts for PIT, FIB, and Content Stores.
  • a networking engine, which manages all of the networking interfaces and protocols .
  • decision engine has a set of advanced functionality such as a declarative rule management, behaviour infer both towards the application layer and the networking layers, social awareness, context collector and synchronized in-network caching.


ICON main features are:

  • An open-source, modular platform for information-centric technology, which can easily be extended by adding new modules (e.g. a routing module).
  • An xml-based interface to obtain collected data.
  • Capability to interoperate with any information-centric routing protocol





ICON has been developed to be agnostic to the Operating System, and is currently developed for Android.

The prototype is expected to be ready in September 2012 to: Windows, Lunux, MACOs, as well as on embedded platforms, based on .NET.



The Team

ICON is a tool developed in the context of the DTN-Amazon project, by SITILabs, Universidade Lusófona.


The core team of ICON is:

Paulo Mendes, conceptual supervisor and DTN-Amazon scientific coordinator (SITILabs Scientific Director for Innovation)

Bruno Batista, daily supervisor (SITILabs researcher and PhD student at MAP-i Doctoral Programme).

Nelson Morais, MSc student at Universidade Lusófona/SITILabs and  responsible for the implementation of ICON.





The slides and poster presented at the CCNxCon 2012 workshop, hold at Sophia Antipolis in September 2012, are now available.


The video of the demonstration provided at CCNxCon 2012 is available on YouTube.




Questions and additional information: please e-mail SITILabs



Copyright @2012 SITI/COPELABS, Universidade Lusófona. All Rights Reserved



01.2020. The most recently hired researcher Nuno Ricardo Garcia had a paper accepted in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (TPAMI). TPAMI is the journal with the highest impact factor in the area of computer science (IF=17.73 for 2018). Congratulations.

11.2019. Accepted Paper, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology,
S. Tomic, M. Beko, “A Geometric Approach for Distributed Multi-hop Target Localization in Cooperative Networks’’, to appear in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology.

07.2019: Accepted Paper, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,
K Turbic, L. Correia, M. Beko. A Channel Model for Polarised Off-Body Communications with Dynamic Users’’, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 11, pp. 7001-7013, November 2019.

06.2019: Accepted Paper, IEEE Access
D. Pedro, S. Tomic, L. Bernardo, M. Beko, P. Pinto, “Algorithms for Estimating the Location of Remote Nodes using Smartphones’’, IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 33713-33727, December 2019.

05.2019: Accepted Paper, MDPI Future Internet, Special Issue on Information-centric Networking

R. C. Sofia, Guidelines Towards Information-driven Mobility Management, Future Internet 2019, 11(5), 111;

04.2019: Accepted Paper, MDPI Future Internet, Special Issue on Information-centric Networking

R. C. Sofia, P. Mendes, An Overview on Push-Based Communication Models for Information-centric Networking. MDPI Future Internet, 2019, 11(3), 74;

03.2019: Accepted Paper, European Control Conference 2019

Henry, D.; Cieslak, J.; Colmenarejo, P.; Branco, J.; Santos, N.; Serra, P.; Telaard, J.; Strauch, H.; Giordano, A. M.; De Stefano, M.; Ott, C.; Reiner, M.; Jaworski, J.; Papadopoulos, E.; Visentin, G.; Ankersen, F.; Fernandez, J.G.Model-based fault diagnosis and tolerant control: the ESA’s e.Deorbit mission

03.2019: Accepted paper, MDPI Future Internet 2019, Special issue on ICN

Sofia, Rute C.; Mendes, Paulo. An Overview on Push-based Communication Models for Information-Centric Networking

02.2019: New IRTF ICNRG draft

Mendes, Paulo; Sofia, Rute C.; Tsaoussidis, Vassilis; Diamantopoulos, Sotiris; Borrego, Carlos; Borrel, Joan; Sarros, Christos-Alessandros. nformation-centric Routing for Opportunistic Wireless Networks.

01.2019: Accepted paper, Sensors 2019, Special Issue on Wireless Location Tracking

Stankovic, S. S.; Stankovic, Milos; Johansson, Karl H.; Beko, Marko. On Consensus-based Distribution Blind Calibration of Sensor Networks

11.2018: Rute C. Sofia becomes Associate Editor of IEEE Access

11.2018: Accepted paper MDPI Sensors 2018, Special Issue on Wireless Location Tracking

Correia, Sergio; Beko, Marko; Cruz, Luis A. da Silva; Tomic, Slavisa. Elephant Herding Optimization for Energy-Based Localization

11.2018: Accepted paper Sensors 2018, Special Issue on Wireless Location Tracking

Tomic, Slavisa; Beko, Marko. Target Localization via Integrated and Segregated Ranging Based on RSS and TOA Measurements

11.2018: Results of the CEEC/COPELABS/JUNIOR2018: Prof. Dr. Pedro Sá Costa admitted.

10.2018: Rute C. Sofia becomes an IEEE Senior member

10.2018: Invited Talk: Cooperative wireless networking: Research challenges, P. Mendes, @LakesideLabs, University of Klagenfurt, Austria

09.2018: Accepted paper, ACM ICN 2018

P. Mendes, R. Sofia, V. Tsaoussidis, S. Diamantopoulos, J. Soares,Information-centric routing for opportunistic wireless networks. InProc. ACM ICN 2018, Sep. 2018.

09:2018: Accepted paper, IEEE WiMob

09.2018:C-BRAINs 2018/2019

C-BRAINS for 2018/2019 are out!

07.2018: Ciencia 2018

People-to-people Communication in Emergency Scenarios, P. Mendes, R. Sofia, M. Tavares, O. Aponte

06.2018: UMOBILE project

POC2 - information-centric communication in opportunistic scenarios, P. Mendes, M. Tavares, O. Aponte, R. Sofia, J. Soares


UMOBILE Demo in Italy, Umbria

04.2018 Accepted Book Chapter

 Rute C. Sofia, Liliana I. Carvalho., Francisco de Melo Pereira, Samrat Dattagupta.The Role of Smart Data in Inference of Human Behavior and Interaction. Book chapter. "Smart Data: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives in Computing and Applications".

03.2018 IRTF draft DABBER

Information-centric Routing for Opportunistic Wireless Networks





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